izvor podataka: poirot


Taksonomija, ekologija i uporaba rogača (Ceratonia siliqua L.) i lovora (Laurus nobilis L.) u Hrvatskoj

Taxonomy, Ecology and Utilization of Carob Tree (Ceratonia siliqua L.) and Bay Laurel (Laurus nobilis L.) in Croatia

Opis projekta

Carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua L.) is nutritionally and protectively very valuable plant, especially seeds which are widely used in the food industry. Carob pods and juice has a very important role in diet of Mediterranean countries. Bay laurel (Laurus nobilis L.) is also nutritionally and protectively very valuable plant overspread on the Mediterranean basin. The most important parts of the bay laurel plant are leaves which are used in traditional medicine, and in the food, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. Both species are also an important component of the Mediterranean vegetation and grows in marginal and prevailing calcareous soils. Since there is limited knowledge about Croatian populations of carob tree and bay laurel this studies will be conducted to determine morphological, genetic, phytochemical and ecological traits of Croatian populations of these species. Morphometric investigations will be made on leaves and fruits (carob tree) samples gathered in situ, while the genetic variability will be determined using AFLP analysis of genomic DNA isolated from the leaves. The content of polyphenolic compounds, antioxidant activity in vitro with the use of UV-Vis spectrophotometer, and the share of macro and microelements using emission spectrometry (AES) will be determined in the leaves and fruits samples. Carob based soft drinks and pastry fillings will be developed as new products on Croatian market. Additionally, possible positive effects of addition supplement of carob tree in standard food for animals on health and production parameters in weaned pigs as the natural replacement of antibiotic growth promoters will be investigated. Respecting the small level of pollution of Croatian islands and some coastal areas, out of main roads and urban areas, growing, and processing of bay laurel is completely complementary with growing of carob trees and both of them, as alternative or even main crops, might have a positive impact on reconstructing of agriculture and economy of Croatian islands.

Ključne riječi

Ceratonia siliqua, Lurus nobilis, ecology, diversity, utilization

Znanstveno-istraživački projekti





nije evidentirano

HRK 719.945

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